Given the benefit with which it could be dramatized, evolutionary biology attracted occultists. The most notorious changed into Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, who co based the Theosophical Society in 1875. Her books, Isis Unveiled (1877) and The Secret Doctrine (1888), mixed faith (particularly Hinduism), cutting-edge science, and mythology into a unbroken entire and spread out unsuspected vistas on the past and destiny. Spiritual She said cosmic cycles and the evolutionary ascent of “seven root races,” the fifth of that’s the human race. The whole system, she emphasised, become governed by way of the regulation of karma and consequently become not, as many scientists believed, random or mindless. Curiously, Blavatsky appears no longer to have expected maximum knowledgeable people to include her outlook, even after giving it a scientific gloss. Occult expertise, she declared, is reserved for the few, and most scientists—Darwin himself—didn’t hold close the cosmic and religious import of the evolutionary drama. They noticed the outer, naturalistic shell of that technique however ironically overlooked its rich internal vibrancy–life itself.
Rudolf Steiner, an erstwhile Theosophist who went directly to determined Anthroposophy, further posited an evolutionary drama of cosmic proportions. His cosmology, like Blavatsky’s, is complex, even dizzying, and reiterates ancient motifs now deemed occult or superstitious. Betraying a Pythagorean fondness for positive simple numbers, Steiner talked of the seven states of focus, the seven lifestyles kingdoms or conditions, the 4 elements, the three innovative functions, the ten cabalistic sephiroth, the nine angelic orders, and so on. These orders, kingdoms, functions, and elements are linked to the planets or zodiacal constellations in a full-size gadget of evolving focus. Like many different occultists at the flip of the twentieth century, Steiner felt that he changed into pulling returned the curtain on materialistic technological know-how so that all may want to see its spiritual context.
Given its propensity to stretch the mind and summon up desire of advanced if not absolutely transfigured residing occasions, science reveals not unusual reason with the occult. And at the same time as technological know-how may seek to distance itself from the occult, the gap among the two will never be honestly described. To be sure, science can be delineated by its emphasis on objectivity, empirical statistics, and mathematics, but these characteristics simply mark a exceptional approach to nature: they do now not decide what nature in the long run is or what it means. Answering these questions includes interpretative passage beyond relaxed scientific understandings, and here, within the realm of interpretation, technology and the occult regularly reestablish contact.